A Brief Overview Of Some Common Thyroid Disorders

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A Brief Overview Of Some Common Thyroid Disorders

Thyroid disorders refer to conditions that may have an impact on your thyroid gland. Basically, it is a butterfly-shaped gland in your neck. It plays an essential role when it comes to regulating metabolic processes in your body. Besides, many disorders affect the function of the structure of the thyroid gland. It is located just under Adam’s Apple in your neck. Your thyroid gland makes use of iodine to release vital hormones. Let’s find out more.

Since your hypothalamus and pituitary gland controls your thyroid gland, any disorder of the tissues may have an impact on your thyroid function. As a result, you may have problems with your thyroid gland. Given below is a description of certain types of thyroid disorders.

Hypothyroidism

If your thyroid gland does not produce enough hormone, you may suffer from hyperthyroidism. Generally, you may suffer from this condition due to a problem in your hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and thyroid gland. Listed below are some of the common symptoms that you should watch for:

  • Prolonged bleeding in women
  • Depression
  • Joint and muscle pain
  • Flud retention
  • Feeling cold
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin
  • poor concentration
  • Fatigue

Common Causes

  • Given below are some common causes of this disorder:
  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
  • Thyroid hormone resistance
  • Postpartum thyroiditis and acute thyroiditis

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism refers to excessive secretion of thyroid hormone. Generally, the symptoms of this disorder are related to an elevated metabolism. There can be apparent symptoms, which are listed below.

  • Weight loss
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Excessive sweating
  • Increased bowel movement
  • Heat intolerance
  • Fatigue
  • Fast hear rate
  • Nervousness
  • Tremor

Common causes

Given below is a list of some common causes of this disorder

  • Increased iodine consumption
  • Thyroid modules
  • Toxic multinodular goiter
  • Graves’ disease

Goiter

It refers to the enlargement of your thyroid gland irrespective of the cause. Also, a goiter doesn’t refer to a certain disease. Instead, it’s linked with hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, or stable thyroid function.

Thyroid Nodules

Nodules refer to abnormal masses or lumps in your thyroid. They may occur due to benign cysts or benign tumors. They may be single or multiple, which is why they have different sizes. Also, if a nodule is overly large, it may cause a lot of symptoms.

Thyroid Cancer

As far as the ratio is concerned, thyroid cancer is quite common in women. According to statistics, around 70% of cases of thyroid cancer happen in women under 55. Also, there are different types of thyroid cancer based on the type of cell affected by cancer.

The good news is that most types of thyroid cancer are easy to diagnose and the survival rate is high, especially if you get an early diagnosis. So, you don’t want to waste time if you suspect that your thyroid has some issues that you can’t ignore.

So, this was a brief overview of some common thyroid disorders. If you have any of the symptoms given in this article, we suggest that you get a diagnosis as soon as possible. After all, you don’t want your disorder to get worse.

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